ORAL HYGIENE & GUM CARE

Preventive healthcare (alternately prophylaxis) consists of measures taken for disease prevention, as opposed to disease treatment.

Oral Prophylaxis (Teeth Cleaning / Scaling)
A dental prophylaxis is a cleaning procedure performed to thoroughly clean the teeth. Prophylaxis is an important dental treatment for halting the progression of periodontal disease and gingivitis.
Oral prophylaxis is a dental procedure that removes tartar and plaque build-up from the teeth through scaling and polishing. It is different from teeth bleaching procedures because its purpose is to keep your gums healthy, stop tooth decay or other dental issues. Through the process, the dentist normally cleans the surfaces of the teeth. It is not considered to be an aesthetic procedure.

CAVITIES & FILLINGS

Decay is infection in your teeth. The bacteria enter your teeth & cause infection. A decayed tooth may have a visible prominent hole in it (cavity) or the infection may be seen as a blue/grey/black discoloration on the tooth.When the bacteria eat up your tooth to a large extent, causing a hole in it, it is called a cavity.
A filling is done with an inert artificial material in which the infection is cleared off and the cavity is sealed with this protective material.

ROOT CANAL TREATMENT

Root Canal Treatment (or RCT) is a procedure done to remove infection from your tooth which has reached till the tip of the tooth & beyond. It is the last attempt to save your tooth. Once your tooth begins to pain, it’s a clear indication that the infection has involved the pulp (which has nerves & blood) of the tooth. In such cases the infection reaches the root tip in no time & the bacteria begin to release toxins. In such cases, a simple filling is neither possible nor the correct line of treatment.
Therefore, we opt for root canal treatment through which we can clean the tooth till the root tip, thereby, removing all the bacteria. Once the cleaning is done, we may place some medication in the tooth depending on the severity of your infection & once the infection subsides, filling is done. Filling material is different for the root & crown of the tooth. After filling the tooth, the crown part of the tooth is trimmed a little & measurements of your tooth are taken. The same are send to the lab & an artificial cap for your tooth is prepared. Once it is fixed onto your tooth, your RCT is complete. Regular X-rays are taken during this entire procedure to make sure that each step is done correctly. Additional aids like microscope, detectors to find the tip of the tooth etc. can be used to improve the accuracy of the treatment & minimize chances of failure.

CHILD DENTISTRY

One of the most important ages to get teeth checked & followed up is during childhood. A child’s first visit to the dentist should be at around 4 years of age.
During this first visit, a child should be just introduced to the dentist & clinic. Let him get adjusted to the environment & become comfortable. Next visit onwards his treatments (if any) can be planned and started. It is advised not to scare your child with respect to any dental / medical visits so as to avoid any phobia development for future.

BRACES & TEETH ALIGNMENT

Orthodontic treatment involves movement / alignment of teeth into a desired position using braces (wires) and brackets (clips).
During this procedure the Orthodontist moves teeth from their original position to the ideal / desired position to give you a beautiful smile. It consists of 2 phases : Active treatment and Passive retainers.
Active treatment is the phase in which teeth are moved into their new position. Time duration for this phase may range between 10 months to 24 months depending on extent of malalignment. Conventional fixed brackets and braces or modern removable aligners are used to accomplish the required alignment of teeth.
Passive retainers are post the active movement in which the teeth are retained in their new position. In this phase removable appliance is worn by the patient during the night time or as advised by the Orthodontist for a period of 6 to 18 months.
This is the most important part of the Orthodontic treatment. Failure to comply with this phase results in failure of the treatment.

COSMETIC DENTISTRY

Cosmetic Treatment / Smile Designing is an artistic method to align your teeth and beautify your smile. In this procedure, non invasive techniques and materials are used to cosmetically correct and design your smile.

It includes treatment for teeth when there is:
• Minor spacing in front teeth
• Internal discoloration in teeth
• Improper shape of teeth
• Mild overlapping of teeth
• Missing teeth

*A stable bite along with good oral hygiene status is a must to attain and assure a good cosmetic correction which will last for a long time.

MISSING TEETH & REPLACEMENT

Missing teeth can be a cause of concern for people of various ages, starting from a small child to geriatric patients.
There could be different causes for a missing tooth. For children the reason could be decay, congenitally missing or just during the transition phase where milk teeth are shed. For adults or geriatric patients it could be due to decay or gum diseases (weak gums / no bone support).
For children =
If your child’s age is below 12-13 years of age, he is still in the transition phase where his milk teeth will fall off one by one and permanent teeth will erupt. Every tooth has a sequence of exfoliation and eruption. A visit to a dentist and a full mouth X-ray will help understand presence of all tooth buds and their approximate time of eruption.
For adults =
Depending on your dental condition and doctor’s advice, you can opt for a tooth / teeth replacement. A tooth could be missing for various reasons – missing from birth / it became loose in the gums and fell off / grossly decayed and destroyed by infection. Teeth replacement can be planned for such missing
teeth (single or multiple).
BRIDGE

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Bridge is a non-invasive technique of replacing missing tooth/teeth. In this support is taken from the adjacent teeth and a framework is seated.

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IMPLANT

Missing teeth can be a cause of concern for people of various ages, starting from a small child to geriatric patients.
There could be different causes for a missing tooth. For children the reason could be decay, congenitally missing or just during the transition phase where milk teeth are shed. For adults or geriatric patients it could be due to decay or gum diseases (weak gums / no bone support).

For children =
If your child’s age is below 12-13 years of age, he is still in the transition phase where his milk teeth will fall off one by one and permanent teeth will erupt. Every tooth has a sequence of exfoliation and eruption. A visit to a dentist and a full mouth X-ray will help understand presence of all tooth buds and their approximate time of eruption.

For adults =
Depending on your dental condition and doctor’s advice, you can opt for a tooth / teeth replacement.
Dental Implant can be an ideal replacement for missing teeth. It is made up of Titanium metal screw which is placed in your jaw bone in place of the missing tooth on which a crown is placed. It can be used to replace any number of teeth, be it one, multiple (implant supported bridges) or the entire arch (implant supported dentures).Implant treatment takes place in two steps – Stage 1 involves the implant placement into your jaw. Once the implant is placed, it takes a period of around 3-6 months for the implant to stabilize in your bone and the gums to heal. Stage 2 includes placement of the crown /
bridge / denture which is attached to the implant.

WISDOM TEETH

Wisdom teeth or third molars is the third set of molar teeth (back teeth which help us to chew food) and are the last teeth to erupt in the oral cavity.
This is a set of 4 teeth, one in each corner of the mouth. They are vestigial teeth. Wisdom teeth were of more importance to primitive man who had larger jaws and could accommodate this third set of molars to grind food. As we are evolving, our mouths are becoming smaller and there is no space left for these teeth to erupt. Studies suggest that after some 200 years, third molars / wisdom teeth will not exist on human mouths anymore.
Wisdom teeth are the last teeth to erupt in the oral cavity. These teeth usually start erupting at 18-22  years of age and the eruption may continue till 25-28 years of age. The eruption pattern and timings are not fixed and may vary from person to person. If there is no space in your mouth these teeth may not erupt at all.
Third molars are slow to erupt and don’t come out in one shot. They will erupt slowly, around 1mm at a time. It erupts at a gap of 4-5 months and then stops for a while again. They may cause pain during the time of eruption. The pain may last for a couple of days.